Long-term conservation of Great Bustard and Red-footed Falcon in border region of Hungary and Slovakia
Názov projektu: Long-term conservation of Great Bustard and Red-footed Falcon in border region of Hungary and Slovakia
Kód projektu: LIFE20 NAT/SK/001077
Skratka: LIFE STEPPE ON BORDER
Názov programu: LIFE
Hlavný donor: Európska únia/Európska komisia
Koordinujúci príjemca: Ochrana dravcov na Slovensku (Raptor Protection of Slovakia)
· Hlavné mesto Slovenskej republiky Bratislava
· Fertő-Hanság National Park Directorate
· MME BirdLife Hungary
· Štátna ochrana prírody Slovenskej republiky
· Slovenská ornitologická spoločnosť/BirdLife Slovensko
· Municipality of Várbalog
Téma: Projekt spája slovenské a maďarské inštitúcie ochrany prírody, občianske združenia a Hlavné mesto SR Bratislavu do oficiálneho partnerstva. Cieľom projektu je zvýšenie stability populácie dropa veľkého a sokola červenonohého na Slovensku v Chránenom vtáčom území (CHVÚ) Sysľovské polia a v Maďarsku v štyroch CHVÚ.
Medzi kľúčové aktivity projektu patrí zmena spôsobu využívania pôdy na postupy v súlade s ochranou prírody a zvyšovaním celkovej biodiverzity, s ohľadom primárne na uvedené cieľové druhy.
Actions and means involved:
The project is allocating more than 50% of the total estimated cost for concrete conservation actions to activities directly benefitting the project SPAs, that are necessary to achieve the conservation objective.
In Slovakia (SKCHVU029):
Conditions on about 112 hectares of the land (intensive farming at present) will be significantly improved and land will be transformed from arable land to fellow land/grassland. The land will be the subject of specific restoration during the project.
Best practice methods of management leading to habitats restoration and innovative solutions will be introduced and tested either as pilot or as demonstration activities. Among these long strips of bright wildflowers will be planted through crop fields to boost the natural predators of pests and potentially cut pesticide spraying. Exclusively practices to support insects including bee populations will be in place.
All stakeholders will be involved, especially the land owners. Meetings will be organized not only to increase awareness. Our goal is to achieve significant change of present status in the area.
Therefore negotiations will be in place to ensure future proper management on another state-owned 100 hectares of the land, which are in present under administration of Slovak Land Fund.
In case a breeding attempt of Otar will be recorded, protection of the breeding site will be ensured by legal tools, such as the protection zones around nest etc. Similarly, all legal methods will be used to ensure safe breeding of detected pairs of Fvesp. Non−invasive methods to prevent nest predation by a marten will be tested.
Over 3000 trees/shrubs of original varieties will be planted to support invertebrates, overall biodiversity, water retention and safe breeding conditions for Fvesp. By this we also help to prevent soil erosion and spread of pollution by pesticides.
100 alluminium nest boxes of a new type will be designed and new methods of installation will be introduced in the central part of SKCHVU029.
12 Fvesp will be mounted with a transmitter (6 adults, 6 juveniles) and at least 200 chicks will be ringed under the international color scheme.
Several actions will be implemented to decrease disturbance. Regular inspection visits will be carried out in cooperation with police (training will be ensured) and State Nature Conservancy (SNC). A study will be elaborated to identify measures and concrete actions to direct visitors from core area into less sensitive parts of the SPA, with several actions carried out during the project lifetime (installation of small-scale infrastructure etc.).
Habitat restoration for Fvesp in HUFH10001 and HUFH10004 is planned after mechanical elimination of invasive tree species or agressive weed and shrub species. The different habitat management requirements during the breeding season of Otar and Fvesp make necessary the creation of separate zones for each species.
In HUFH10004 Mosoni−sík the target area is 33 ha in the management of FHNPD, as well as 15 ha in the management of the cooperating Lajta−Hanság Corporation. Apart from grassland restoration we plan to cooperate with farmers to establish fallow land strips on altogether 50 ha intensive ploughland to provide more adequate habitats for the target species. In HUFH10004 the municipality of Várbalog will hold several events for farmers from HU, SK and AT to promote proper farming practices and increase land under suitable management (workshops, events, joint plantation and care for 50 grown trees for roosting of Fvesp).
In HUFH10001 Fertő−tó 263 ha under the management of FHNPD will be managed in favor of Fvesp 50 nest boxes will be placed out for the Fvesp in each SPA (100 altogether). 50 chicks will be marked under the international color ringing scheme.
200 nest boxes will be installed and maintained in at least 4 colonies in HUDI 10005 and HUDI10007 to ensure suitable conditions for breeding success and creating stepping stones for the range expansion of breeding red-footed falcon from core breeding areas in Hungary.
The impact of project measures will be verified.
Besides the breeding population, also wintering (Otar) and migrating (Fvesp) population will be monitored.
Active networking, exchange and sharing of knowledge is expected during the project lifetime and afterwards between project beneficiaries, stakeholders on national and transnational level as well as with external partners. At least 80 meetings, workshops and other events are expected.
Joint land use and CAP payment policy recommendations with emphasis on Natura 2000 sites will be elaborated.
Innovative and highly efficient PR actions are planned to support the long-term outreach of the project.
Principles of sustainability will be followed and promoted. Products and services of officially recognised eco−labelling schemes such as the EU Ecolabel will be preferred and promoted.
LIST OF ALL PROPOSED ACTIONS
A1 Set up standardized methods, develop studies and schemes
A1.1 Set up standardized project methods
A1.2 Study to harmonize community interests and nature conservation
B1 Land purchase/lease
C1 Improve habitat conditions in Hungary
C1.1 Habitat improvement in HUFH10001
C1.2 Habitat improvement in HUFH10004
C2 Improve habitat conditions in Slovakia
C3 Increase breeding success of target species in Slovakia
C3.1 Improve breeding conditions and support overall biodiversity
C3.2 Improve availability of insects as prey composition species
C3.3 Prevent disturbance and killing of individuals
C4 Increase breeding success of target species in Hungary
C4.1. Improve breeding conditions and support overall biodiversity
C4.2 Prevent disturbance and killing of individuals
- D. Monitoring of the impact of the project actions (obligatory)
D1 Monitoring of the impact of project actions
D1.1 Monitoring necessary also to detect and prevent major threats that could severely affect
D.1.2 Monitoring of other indicators to assess project impact
D2 Assessment of project impact
- E. Public awareness and dissemination of results (obligatory)
E1 Information activities to the local community in Slovakia
E1.1 Two wooden observation towers
E1.2 Other elements of the tourist infrastructure
E1.3 Comprehensive campaign
E2 Public awareness
E3 Dissemination of results to wider audience, replication and transfer
E3.1 Networking with other LIFE and/or non-LIFE projects
E3.2 Actions targeting replication and transfer
F1 Project management